COMMON ENGLISH VOCABULARY WITH BIBLICAL ROOTS OR CONNECTIONS:
(Students working in this section are responsible to provide the following for each word:
  • literal definition
  • biblical connection
  • additional biblical references or uses
  • relevant links and images
Students will be assessed on their contributions and organization of material. Make sure to seek information from at least three sources for each word, only ONE of which should be a dictionary site.)

A.D.(a.k.a after death)
literal definition: in the Christian era; used before dates after the supposed year Christ was born; "in AD 200"
A.D., AD
biblical connection: the time period after christ used to indicate that a time division falls within the Christian era
Medieval Latin, in the year of the Lord
First Known Use: 1512
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B.C.
- Literal Definition: (a.k.a before christ )
- Biblical connection: the time period before Christ (used to indicate that a date is before the Christian Era)
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C.E. (a.k.a common error )
literal definition:The abbreviation C.E. stands for "Common Era," an alternate method of notation to the traditional or Anno Domine, used in much of the west of the period coinciding with the Christian era; preferred by some writers who are not Christians
biblical connection:
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B.C.E.
literal definition: before the common era," a non-sectarian notation equivalent in meaning to the sectarian B. C. The notation is placed after the numerical date
biblical connection:
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Annunciation
- Literal definition: a representation of this in art; an act or instance of announcing; prociamation
- Biblical connection: the announcement of the Incarnation by the angel Gabriel to Mary (Luke 1:26–38); also called Lady Day, the church festival on March 25 in memory of this
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Antichrist
- Literal definition: a disbeliever in Christ; a false Christ
- Biblical connection: a great personal opponent of Christ who will spread evil throughout the world before being conquered at Christ's second coming.
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Apocalypse:
- Literal definition: the complete final destruction of the world; an event involving destruction or damage on a n awesome or catastrophic scale
- biblical connection: the book of Revelation
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Apostle
- Literal Definition: any important early Christian teacher
- Biblical connection: any of the early followers of Jesus who carried the Christian Message into the world; The twelve Apostles were Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (the Less), Judas (or Thaddaeus), Simon, and Judas Iscariot. After the suicide of Judas Iscariot his place was taken by Matthias.
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Armageddon-
- Literal Definition:
  • (in the New Testament) The last battle between good and evil before the Day of Judgment.
  • The place where this battle will be fought.
- biblical connection:And they gathered them together to the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon. Revelation 16:15-17
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Ascension
- Literal Definition:the act of rising to an important position or a higher level
- Biblical connection: the ascent of Christ into heaven on the fortieth day after the Resurrection.
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Behemoth
- Literal Definition: a huge or monstrous creature
- Biblical connection: an animal, perhaps the hippopotamus, mentioned in job 40:15-24
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Cherubim
- Literal Definition: a beautiful or innocent person, especially a child
- Biblical connection: a winged angelic being described in biblical tradition as attending on God. It is represented in ancient Middle Eastern art as a lion or bull with eagles' wings and a human face, and regarded in traditional Christian angelology as an angel of the second highest order of the nine-fold celestial hierarchy.
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Covenant
- Literal Definition: an agreement, usually formal, between two or more persons to do or not do something specified
- Biblical connection: an agreement that brings about a relationship of commitment between God and his people. The Jewish faith is based on the biblical covenants made with Abraham, Moses, and David. See also Ark of the Covenant .
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Crucifixion
- Literal Definition: the act or crucifying
- Biblical connection: the killing or Jesus Christ in such a way
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Atonement
- Literal Definition: reparation for wrong or injury
- Biblical connection: the doctrine concerning the reconciliation of God and humankind, especially as accomplished through the life, suffering, and death of Christ; the experience of humankind's unity with God exemplified by Jesus Christ
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Diaspora
- Literal Definition: Jews living outside Israel
- Biblical Connection: The main diaspora began in the 8th–6th centuries bc, and even before the sack of Jerusalem in ad 70, the number of Jews dispersed by the diaspora was greater than that living in Israel. Thereafter Jews were dispersed even more widely throughout the Roman world and beyond.
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Epiphany
literal definition: A Christian feast celebrating the manifestation of the divine nature of Jesus to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi.
biblical connection: the manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi (Matthew 2:1–12)
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Epistle
- Literal Definition: a poem or other literary work in the form of a letter or series of letters.
- Biblical Connection: a book of the New Testament in the form of a letter from an Apostle
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Eschatology
- Literal Definition: the part of theology concerned with death, judgment, and the final destiny of the soul and of humankind
- Biblical connection: the end of he world
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Exegesis
- Literal Definition:critical explanation or interpretation of a text
- Biblical Connection: critical explanation or interpretation of a text or portion of a text, especially of the Bible
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Exodus
literal definition:The departure of the Israelites from Egypt.
biblical connection: The book of Exodous ,Then he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise, go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve the LORD as you have said. Exodus 12:30-32
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"The Fall"
literal definition: the lapse of mankind into sinfulness because of the sin of Adam and Eve;
biblical connection:Adam's sin of disobedience and the state of innate sinfulness ensuing from this for himself and all mankind
And Simeon blessed them and said unto Mary His mother, "Behold, this Child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel, and for a sign which shall be spoken against Luke 2:33-35
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"The Flood"
- Literal definition: a rising and overflowing of a body of water especially onto normally dry land; also : a condition of overflowing <rivers in flood>
biblical definition: the flood extending over all the earth from which Noah and his family and livestock were saved in the ark. (Genesis 7-8); the Deluge
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Antediluvian
- literal definition: of or belonging to the period before the Flood.Gen.7,8.
- biblical definition: time period
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Genesis
literal definition:The coming into being of something; the origin.
biblical connection: The book of Genesis
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Genre
- Literal Definition: a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter.
- Bible connection: fine art
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incarnation
- Literal Definition:a (1): the embodiment of a deity or spirit in some earthly form (2)capitalized: the union of divinity with humanity in Jesus Christ
- Bible connection:The Old Testament anticipations of the incarnation of the Son of God are commonly summed in the word Messiah.
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Leviathan
- Literal Definition: a very large aquatic creature; a thing that is very large or powerful; an autocratic monarch or state
- Biblical connection: a sea monster, identified in different passages with the whale and the crocodile (e.g., Job 41, Ps. 74:14), and with the Devil (after Isa. 27:1).
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Madonna
- Literal Definition: an idealized virtuous and beautiful woman
- Biblical connection: a picture, statue, or medallion of the Madonna, typically depicted seated and holding the infant Jesus.
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Mea Culpa
- Literal Definition: an acknowledgment of one's fault or error; by my fault
- Biblical connection:late 14c., from L., lit. "I am to blame," a phrase from the prayer of confession in the L. liturgy.
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Messiah-
- literal definition:The anticipated savior of the Jews. One who is anticipated as, regarded as, or professes to be a savior or liberator.
- biblical connection:“ Know therefore and understand, That from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince, There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall, Even in troublesome times. Daniel 9:24-26
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Nativity
literal definition:The birth of Jesus, A representation, such as a painting, of Jesus just after birth.and Christmas.
biblical connection:As for your nativity, on the day you were born your navel cord was not cut, nor were you washed in water to cleanse you; you were not rubbed with salt nor wrapped in swaddling cloths. Ezekiel 16:3-5
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Parable
- Literal Definition: a statement or comment that conveys a meaning indirectly by the use of comparison, analogy, or the like
- Biblical connection: a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels
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Philistine
- Literal Definition:a person who is hostile or indifferent to culture and the arts, or who has no understanding of them
- Biblical Connection: According to the Bible, the Philistines, from whom the country of Palestine took its name, came from Crete and settled the southern coastal plain of Canaan in the 12th century BC.
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Prophet -
literal definition: A person who speaks by divine inspiration or as the interpreter through whom the will of a god is expressed
biblical connection:The second of the three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures, comprising the books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve
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Resurrection-
literal definition:The act of rising from the dead or returning to life.
biblical connection: The rising again of Jesus on the third day after the Crucifixion, and The rising again of the dead at the Last Judgment.
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Revelation
- Literal definition: a surprising and previously unknown fact; the divine or supernatural disclosure to humans of something
- Biblical connection: the last book of the New Testament, containing visionary descriptions of heaven, of conflicts between good and evil, and of the end of the world. Also called: the Apocalypse, the Revelation of Saint John the Divine
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Sabbath
- Literal definition: a period of rest
- Biblical connection: the seventh day of the week, Saturday, as the day of rest and religious observance among Jews and some Christians
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Scapegoat
- Literal definition: a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of others
- Biblical connection: a goat let loose in the wilderness on Yom Kippur after the high priest symbolically laid the sins of the people on its hear. Lev.16
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Disciple
- Literal definition: guide (someone) in becoming a follower of Jesus or another learder
- Biblical connection: the follower of Christ; one of the 12 personal followers of Christ; one of the 70 followers sent froth by Christ; any other professed follower of Christ in His lifetime.
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